Chapter 3 chart Direct CO2 emissions from light- and heavy-duty vehicles in the EU

Based on a life-cycle assessment, a typical battery electric vehicle, such as the Nissan Leaf, emits less CO2 than the most efficient combustion engine vehicle of the same size. The emissions of electric vehicles vary depending on how the electricity is generated in a specific country. In future years, improvements in battery production will further reduce life-cycle emissions of electric vehicles.